SØREN KIERKEGAARD'S
MOTHER AND HER ANCESTORS


Top
1. New Results
2. Anne Sørensdatter Lund
3. Kierkegaard and his Mother
4. The Name Søren Aabye
5. Genealogy List
6. Brandlund in Brande Parish
7. Søren Jensen
8. Maren Larsdatter
9. Lars Clemmensen, Hyvild
10. Anne Poulsdatter, Hyvild
11. Clemen Larsen, Hyvild
Notes
Transcript Page
Established 2009
Last change: August 21st, 2017




Søren Kierkegaard's Mother and her Ancestors


New May 2017: The Name Søren Aabye.
New Jan. 2016: Garff on Øjeblikket (The Moment) note 12.
New Dec. 2015: Søren Jensen living i Brande Village May 1777.
New Dec. 2013: Garff's theory why mother never mentioned (note 29).
New Jun. 2013: Søren Jensen in Uhre, Brande 1762-63.
New Dec. 2012: Kierkegaard's burdened life note 28.
New Nov. 2012: Søren Jensen seen in Brandlund in June 1768.
New Sep. 2012: Classes from Computer Programming applied to Begrebet Angest (The Concept of Anxiety).
New Aug. 2012: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy changed its entry, see note 15 updated.
New Aug. 2012: Kierkegaard and his mother.
New July 2012: Michael Kierkegaards version of Ane III Sørensdatter Lunds birthday wrong (note 20).
New July 2012: Why it is highly unlikely that Søren Jensen was born in Brande Parish.
New Jan. 2011: Military conscription list of 1789 shows Søren Jensen's sons Lars and Jens to be born in Uhre, Brande.
Three ancestors of Søren Kierkegaard's have been found in Hyvild, Brande being Anne Poulsdatter *1710c †1786, Lars Clemmensen †1746 and his father Clemen Larsen mentioned 1716 and 1731. They are grandparents and great grandparent of his mother, Ane Sørensdatter Lund, who was born in Brande parish.
Lars was discovered 1989, by me, in a military draft list of farms, Anne because she got royal permission to marry a related man, Christen Thomsen, in 1746. It is rare to have the name of a woman in Brande parish in those times, because the church register starts only in 1774. Clemen Larsen is mentioned in two deeds.
In addition, there is new documentation about Søren Kierkegaard's mother's father Søren Jensen and a fair bit about his wife Maren Larsdatter. This page holds the text and the pictures. The transcript page shows transcripts from sources which are mostly found in archives like county court records and tenant lists for different manors and, certainly, church registers.
Impact on Søren Kierkegaard's life and works: NONE WHATSOEVER, ZERO.
Abbreviations: * born. † died. 1750c is 1750 ± 5 years, 1750cc is ±15 years. 1751- in or before 1751. 1730+ in or after 1730.
{...} my explanatory comments in quoted text.
To keep apart the three daughters all named Ane, that Søren Jensen and Maren Larsdatter had, they have been numbered according to birth:
Ane I Sørensdatter *1761c
Ane II Sørensdatter *1764c
Ane III Sørensdatter Lund *1768c, Søren Kierkegaard's mother
[ED] click on E for English, D for Danish transcripts from sources.

© 2009 - 2017, text and pictures: Villy M. Sorensen.

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Birthplaces of Søren Kierkegaard's father and mother:
Map of places of Søren Kierkegaard's mother and father in Jutland, Brande and Sædding. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Locations in Denmark of Søren Kierkegaard and the birthplaces of his father and mother. His father moved to Copenhagen at age 12 from Jutland, where his mother was also born. She was raised speaking Jutish, the language of Jutland (remember the Anglos, Saxons and Jutes settling in England), which has common vocabulary with Danish, but a syntax like English with just one simple gender and with the definite article in front of the word (æ hus, the house) instead of behind (huset, the 'et' being the definite article) as in general in Scandinavian languages. She moved to Copenhagen at a somewhat older age than her husband. She will later have assimilated some of the ways they spoke in Copenhagen.
Kierkegaard himself was a second generation Copenhagener and, as it often is, more so for his parents coming from far away. He spoke a smaller dialect of eastern Denmark with only about 100,000 speakers. After completing his university degree, he went on a journey to Jutland, but he was really not equipped to take it in, being — as he was — deeply and narrowly provincial. His notebook of that journey tells nothing of any importance about Jutland and not much about Kierkegaard himself. His strength was elsewhere.
Click on picture to enlarge.

CONTENTS
1. New Results about Søren Kierkegaard's Grandparents in Brande
2. Anne Sørensdatter Lund
3. Kierkegaard and his Mother
4. The Name Søren Aabye
5. Genealogy List
6 The Place Brandlund in Brande Parish
7. Documentary evidence Søren Jensen
8. Documentary evidence Maren Larsdatter
9. Documentary evidence Lars Clemmensen, Hyvild, Brande
10. Documentary evidence Anne Poulsdatter, Hyvild, Brande
11. Documentary evidence Clemen Larsen, Hyvild, Brande
Notes
Transcript Page

1. New Results about Søren Kierkegaard's Grandparents in Brande
Received wisdom about Søren Kierkegaard's grandfather Søren Jensen is that he was a 'cheer­ful and jo­cu­lar' man from Brandlund in Brande. As for Maren Larsdatter, his wife, essentially only year of death and stated age have been known.
This page brings substantial new knowledge about Søren Jensen. He was almost certainly not born in Brande but is first seen there in the village of Uhre in Brande parish in about 1755, where his first four children are born. He is also seen there in a tax survey of 1763, which shows him to be a tenant on a small farm there. He moved to Brandlund sometime between April 1763 and June 1768. In Brandlund, Brande he is tenant on a larger farm, but does not pay the tenancy due, so that the landlord has his belongings auctioned off 1775. He and his family are taken in by his wi­fe's family in Hyvild Brande for a couple of years but is back in Brandlund sometime before 1781. In 1789 his son Lars Sørensen in Copenhagen buys a house with a plot of land in Brandlund for him. This is the place, which is described in 1868 by his grandchild as being a house with one cow and four sheep. He is mentioned there as having been also part schoolmaster, part singer in church and part 'Master of Seating' at feasts. The church register shows him to be used much less as godfather than most others, which is a little odd considering that list of part time ac­ti­vi­ties. He was obviously not much of a farmer and dabbled in sundry things, which have not left a documented trace. He was 'saved' by his son who bought that small place for him. Søren Jensen is not the kind of ancestor you would normally boast of.
The later life of Maren Larsdatter, his wife, is presented in detail on this page. She was a normally devout woman, who went to communion once or twice a year, living as a widow in Brand­lund. In 1805 she petitions the Poor Commission for support for her disabled daughter Mette, who had an injured leg, but could knit and spin. She owns her house and fields, somewhere about 20 acres, and has two cows. She got 20 rigsdaler — the equivalent of two and a half cows — from her family that year. The commission will not accord full fledged support to Mette, but gi­ves her some temporary help in cash. In 1807, being 76 and said to be fit, Maren again te­na­cious­ly requests support for Mette for the fourth time. Her daughter Ane II is fit and strong, but will not take a job, so the commission considers that help to Mette will be used by Maren and Ane II and enters into the minutes, that Mette would receive help only if Ane II took a job. Nevertheless Maren receives some rye and barley. In 1811 Michael Kierkegaard pays 100 rigsdaler for the deed to the land Maren has. In 1812 she gets money for firewood and the next year Mette dies. After that she still gets some bushels of rye and barley. Her daughter Ane II marries in 1816, be­ing 52, and takes over the small farm with her husband, 38. Maren is healthy until her death at the stated age of 89 in 1821.
Her father was Lars Clemmensen in Hyvild, Brande, who is mentioned twice in the records. Her mother was Anne Poulsdatter for whom a royal permission to marry after the death of Lars has been found in the archives. Lars Clemmensen's father was Clemen Larsen, Hyvild, Brande, who is mentioned twice in the records.

2 Anne Sørensdatter Lund
Søren Kierkegaard's mother came from a small place called Brandlund in the parish Brande in western Jutland. Compared to most people of the period more is known about her27. Her parents' names are well established being Søren Jensen and Maren Larsdatter, but little has been known of them until now. In an unrelated context of mapping what could roughly be named 'People in Brande before 1814'1, further material has been discovered in the archives including spar­se men­tions of her father and a fair amount of material about her mother. If — as mentioned in previous literature2 — Maren Larsdatter really did come from the tiny place called Hyvild in Brande, then her parents have, by a combination of circumstances, been identified.
Brande now (2009) has a population of 6600 and is best known for the large Siemens Wind Po­wer Division, which has its headquarters and big factories there and close to two thousand employees when including other locations. Back in the days we will be talking about — around 1780 — Brande village had an official census population of 62 and Brandlund of 36, but the largest village was neither of these but Uhre population 83. Brande parish had a total population of about 600.
Ane Sørensdatter was born in Brandlund, Brande around 176820 as the youngest of six living children. A statement, that she was a distant cousin of her later husband Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard, has entered the literature about Kierkegaard 11 31. Wherever this story originated, it is not the case. Ane Sørensdatter Lund was not a distant cousin of Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard.
At a young age she went to Copenhagen to become a maid first with her elder brother Lars Sørensen, but soon left him to serve at hosier Mads Røyen's house, whose sister Kirstine married the wealthy Michael Kierkegaard and Ane followed her at some time to their house. A whi­le after Michael's first wife died, Ane became pregnant with him. A draft of a, in those ti­mes, highly unusual and disallowed marriage contract deemed her to be below equal; she was for example not to live in his house. His text on her gravestone atones late for part of that3 (see picture below). They had seven children most of whom died soon after being grown. Peter Christian lived long and the youngest child, Søren Aabye Kierkegaard, lived to be 42 and, as a divinely graced writaholic, inscribe himself in history.
Ane Sørensdatter Lund is mentioned by him merely in two offhand references in purely per­son­al letters4. Short and mainly secondary descriptions of her exist5. There is a — in the mean­ti­me old and just as wrong as old — Danish tradition which demeans her to a low, ignorant person6 12 13. This is clearly uncalled for and reminds one, that Danish egalitarian democracy was in­sti­tu­ted only in 1901, which may surprise and casts a shadow. In other words judging individuals by themselves and not by caste came about very late in Denmark, which clouds the appreciation of Ane even in recent Danish biographies of her famous son. This Danish Deficiency is demonstrated well in the contrasting fair treatment of her in other languages 11 18. It is also shown in the Danish Wikipedia entry for Søren Kierkegaard, which states (last seen Feb. 2015, in my trans­la­tion):

Hans mor, Ane Sørensdatter Lund (1768–1834), var først tjenestepige i huset. Det er stort set også det eneste, man ved om hende.
His mother, Ane Sørensdatter Lund (1768–1834), was at first maid in the house. That is in a general sense just about all that is known of her.

A statement like the last one is not imaginable without this Danish Deficiency. The English Wikipedia entry is of a higher standard.
Another problem is that she has been seen from the viewpoint of and starting with Kier­ke­gaard, which is backwards. She was there first and needs to be taken in her own right. From what is known, she went through the perfectly normal schooling of her time — school in winter, farmwork in summer — and seems to have been easy to be with and fairly normal, which cannot be said of her husband and certainly not of her son. It is not difficult to make a case, where she is the heroine — patently unsung — providing normalcy in a menage of weird men. It depends on the point of view.
One of her remarks on her son has been passed down through a letter. As Søren was taking his high school diploma (studentereksamen), she said of him:

This young person is just a little too fast [ED].

This tellingly apt remark shows she was a clear headed lady. So move over all ye mistaken pe­tu­lant pedants of yore.
Kierkegaard, as is universally known, mentions his father with penetrance throughout his au­thor­ship. His mother is simply not mentioned15 in what he wrote for publication: books, articles or the journals, which were clearly meant for posthumous publication. Be that as it may, he got half his genes from his mother and half from his father and his inherent aptitudes were evidently pro­vi­ded by both parents. His father was an extraordinarily able man, one would think to a large de­gree self taught, a canny businessman, a formidable debater, a sternly strong-willed man who would even rebuke God. The father was also of a brooding religiosity, convinced he had com­mit­ted some heinous, for ever inatonable sin. His mother was not burdened by such troubles, tri­bu­la­tions and imaginations.

Anne Sørensdatter Lund, Royal Danish Library.
Anne Sørensdatter Lund *1768c Brandlund, Brande †1834 Copenhagen.
Undated picture by F. C. Camrath.
She might be between 45 and 60, which would be 1815 - 30.
Creative Commons license BY-NC-ND from the Royal Danish Library 26

There are a couple of potentially important mentions of Ane. The first of these concerns the death of Søren's brother Niels Andreas, who had gone to America in 1832, in Paterson, New Jer­sey, 24 years old, of consumption — the old name for tuberculosis. Three weeks later pastor Williston in Paterson, who had attended and buried him, addressed a letter to Mrs. Anna Kier­ke­gaard16. This must mean that Niels Andreas had given him his mother's name and address with the implication probably, that his father was no longer alive, and further that his father was cer­tain­ly not intended as recipient. Williston writes:

... he repeatedly charged me to write to his Mother, & to tell her, that he most affectionately remembered her, that he died happy...

This is a snub to his father, who forced him into becoming a business clerk whereas he had want­ed to study. Interpreting this to mean that he held his mother in exalted esteem is not warranted, it might only be a final, bitter rebuff of his father. This should not be taken to mean he did not cherish his mother, but obviously he did not care much for his father and this was one way of ma­king that icily clear. The next quote is different in character from the first:

He gave you, my dear Madam, great credit for his religious e­du­ca­tion — the principles instilled by a pious Mother, during his childhood, were most obvious in his last moments, and productive of the choicest fruits. Happy the Son who has such a Mother — and happy the Mother who has such a Son! O may it be your happiness to meet that Son in a better world!

It is the end of Williston's letter and sounds preachy. Thus 'great credit for his religious e­du­ca­tion' comes across as part of a goody, soul butter — thanks Huck —sermon and not so­me­thing that Niels Andreas said. Against this the first quote above 'charged me to write to his Mo­ther' rings true, authentic and down to earth. The father, Michael Kierkegaard, was greatly disturbed and had a letter sent in two copies by different ships to ask for an explanation — that never came — of why he was not mentioned by his dying son. One senses his willpower here and consequently his limitations in willingness to understand the situation.
The second important mention is unfortunately hearsay long after the occasion cited. Bishop Martensen — whom Kierkegaard came to see as a false prophet of a washed out christianness — mentions in his autobiography17, that his mother (Martensen's) told him, that she had never seen anybody in such distress as Kierkegaard over his (Kierkegaard's) mother's death. Apart from be­ing hearsay, this was written all of 48 years after she died in 1834 and memory isn't known to improve with age like red wine. Since Kierkegaard does not even mention her death in his o­ther­wise voluminous journals, this reported distress stands alone, unverified and unverifiable. Mar­ten­sen had an ax to grind on Kierkegaard and may have brought this as a sop to feign impartiality and his mother may have had her angles. The conclusion is that interested parties are at work he­re consequently none of these two mentions furnish authentic, sober evidence on Kierkegaard's mother.
We are on somewhat firmer ground, though, with her grandchild Henriette Lund, who was five when Anne died. She writes23:

... grandmother ... I do not remember at all, but she was talked of in the family as a nice little wife with an even and cheery temper. Her sons development's went a little above her head, their high flight seemed to her concerned heart as a flight from her station, where she felt at home and where she would have loved to keep them. For that reason she was never in a better mood, than when a some passing ailment forced them back in her fold. She was particularly satisfied when she could get them peacefully in bed, because then she ruled with pleasure and made things comfortable for them and kept the peace as a hen with its chickens. The grandchildren in the family were also comfortable with her mother instinct. The little chub­by figure needed only to appear in the door to the children's room to stop crying and yelling and the re­bel­lious youngster or girl would shortly after sleep sweetly on her soft lap.

It should be noted, with some regret, that this was written 1876 or 42 years after Anne's death, which suggests a fair measure of caution. Henriette's rendition has been given somewhat more weight, than it can carry, given that overlong span of years and not being first hand. It has been taken as the picture of Anne which is overstating its source value some.
Eline Boisen, the wife of Kierkegaard's brother Peter Christian's wife's brother Frederik Boisen, brings us to real firm ground24:

... This winter I visited the old Kierkegaards a number of times and it was interesting hours. To listen to the old man argue with his sons, of which none would give in — to see the old mother's quiet activity and how she partly listened admiringly — partly chimed in to pacify, when the going got rough — had something attractive.

Eline was around 20 at the time, so this is immediate and first hand. This is a different Anne from Henriette's above, she is here an active participant. So it would behoove commentators to treat Henriette's picture of Anne — which is quite plastic (nice little wife) and accurate of a certain type of person — as conceived long after the fact with no first hand knowledge and per­haps none too accurate. The painting of her above certainly does not make her look like a little woman without a will of her own. She looks quite resolute.
The Lund in Ane's name comes from Brandlund, which as noted above, is a place in Brande parish. In her times it had about five farms and four small farms called house-farms (hus­mands­steder) and some houses with altogether 36 inhabitants including children. Lund is an old Danish word which means a small wood with open spaces between groups of trees — a sense which is ra­re­ly used any more except in some older songs. As it is with many old words lund is full of friendl­y connotations whereas the normal Danish word for wood — skov — can have a range of connotations. Lund is used as a qualifier in a large number place-names, where there must have been small woods at some remote time. Parish Brande has its Lund, Brandlund, which is half a mile south of Brande township across the river 'Brande Å' (Danish has a word for river — flod — but it is too big a word for the small rivers that Denmark has, which are cal­led å). In Ane's time the place was just called Lund, everybody knew Brandlund was meant in context. In the neighboring parish Thyregod it was different: Thyregodlund being two km from Thyregod was never shortened to Lund. (By a fluke of coincidence the relgious thinker of grea­test influence19 in Denmark, poet extraordinary and writer of psalms, Grundtvig, spent six years of his childhood in Thyregodlund during these years 1792 - 98.) Then again in the parish Gjel­lerup 30 km north of Brande the usage was as in Brande: Lund meant Gjelleruplund and people from there would sometimes be called Lund as a proper name; as a matter of fact two of Søren Kierkegaard's sisters were married to men of the name Lund derived from Gjelleruplund. Many other families hailing from places ending in lund have adopted the name Lund after moving to other parishes. The name Lund has no identificatory power, it could be almost anybody. In Co­pen­hagen there were many of a certain common name like Ane Sørensdatter, so they were often by custom for identification additionally called by the name of the place they came from. The immediate reason, that Ane used Lund in her name, was her brother's use of it in Copenhagen. Sørensdatter means Søren's daughter, these patronymics being used in Scandinavia in former times.
As her life was ending, Anne was in bed with fever in 1834 and had been so for over four weeks, when Kierkegaard went on his long expected trip to Gilleleje in northern Sealand. Four days after he was sent for, because she got worse. He did not get home the day she died, but the day after25.

Anne Sørensdatter Lund's gravestone, Assitents Kirkegaard, Copenhagen.
Anne Sørensdatter Lund's gravestone, Assistens Kirkegaard, Copenhagen. Picture reproduced from Amundsen: "Søren Kierkegaards Ungdom", Copenhagen, 1912 (last page).
The text (almost word for word, 'old man' means a man who is old of age, not the colloquial 'father of any age'):

ANNE KIERKEGAARD
born LUND
,
went home to the Lord
July 31st, 1834.
In the 67th year of her age,
loved and missed by
her left behind children,
family and friends,
but especially by her old man
MICHAEL PEDERSEN
KIERKEGAARD

who August 9th 1838
followed after her
into the eternal life
in the 82nd year of his age.

3 Kierkegaard and his Mother
Ane III Sørensdatter Lund was, from what is known about her, a fairly happy, unburdened, sa­tis­fied person.
It is reasonable to assume, that this is one29 reason Kierkegaard never mentions her, he had no use for happiness and lightness.
His was a burdened life28.
In one place in the journals he writes about his old father "unloading all his gloom onto a poor child"21. The father, though, did not take complete possession of him as it happens in some fa­mi­lies, but he was the defining influence. He did allow and expect the son to have his own thoughts. In Kierkegaard's journals and works there is the old man, who stands before his son and says: "Poor child! You carry a quiet despair"22.
So far we have talked of the way Kierkegaard saw his life as a grown person, which is partly constructed — woven into complex carpet patterns of actual experiences and what he fabricated from them, books using pseudonyms, journals and veiled references. There is no reason to doubt, that the old Kierkegaard got a hold on his son quite early with his heavy, brooding religiousness and deep, dark consciousness of sin. This hold may have taken effect somewhere between the a­ge of six and ten.
As a small child, Kierkegaard had his mother, who was a caring person. It is not that we know anything about this period except that it must have been there. Not even a person of old Kier­ke­gaard's powers could impress the concept of original sin upon a three year old. This early period, except for few fleeting references, does not exist in Kierkegaard's writings, which all stem from a wellspring of gloomy depressions.
His mother was completely outside this realm of gloom, he could not have brought her in ex­cept at the price of bringing down his authorship's fundamental tenets by admitting that a person could be contented. With the stringency of his universe in his writings — erected with sheer un­be­liev­able energy — is it not altogether surprising, that he does not mention her.
It is possible to argue that far from a lack of personality or learning — as the degenerate Da­nish Deficiency explanation goes — on her part, it was her mental balance and relative happiness that would have broken Kierkegaard's system. He would have had to deal with his burdened doom not being necessary. But that was all he had, he could not possibly give that up.
On the other hand, there is no attempt here to argue that Ane Sørensdatter Lund was so­me­thing special. She seems to have been a fairly normal person not encumbered by a sore soul. She earned high respect from her husband Michael Kierkegaard3 and he was no easy person to im­press. The fact that Kierkegaard does not mention her might be construed to have some sig­ni­fi­can­ce.

4 The Name Søren Aabye
Søren Aabye32 was a hosier related to Kierkegaard's father Michael Kierkegaard who was a brother in law of Søren Aabye's wife named Abelone Nielsdatter Rojen. Michael Kierkegaard's first wife was Kirsten Nielsdatter Rojen who was a half sister of Abelone. Apart from that there is a further connection in that Michael Kierkegaard's partner in Copenhagen was their brother Mads Nielsen Rojen. Søren Aabye was born in the parish Aulum 35 kms north west of Brande in the place Aabye which literally translated means River (Aa) Town (bye). This is in the county Hammerum Herred.
In 1741 the Danish King issued an edict that individuals from the three counties of Hammerum, Lysgaard and Bølling in Jutland, which were mostly heath with grazing sheep, may sell their woolen wares everywhere in the kingdom without hindrance not needing the usual municipal trader's licence. This lead to dynasties of traders such as Michael Kierkegaard from Bølling county and Rojen and Aabye from Hammerum county.
The largest concentration of traders was in Høgild in the parish Rind in Hammerum county about 15 kms north of Brande — close to modern Herning. Large wealth was accumulated there. The father of the Rojens - Niels Madsen Rojen - lived there as did Søren Aabye 1774 - 1797. Søren Aabye moved to neighboring Gjellerup parish before 1800 and from there about 1810 to a son.
Hitherto the literature has stated that Søren Aabye died some time before Kierkegaard was born — but not when and where. As mentioned he moved to a son namely Peder Rojen Sørensen Aabye who lived in Hillerød, which is 30 kms north of Copenhagen on Zealand. And that is where he died or was buried (the church register states it is one or the other of these dates but not which) on the Fourth of July 1812. Michael Kierkegaard will have been at the funeral in light of the name of his next son born ten months later May 5th 1813 Søren Aabye Kierkegaard.

Søren 
Aabye's burial in Hillerød 4th July 1812.
Aabye, Søren died or was buried fourth of July 1812 in Hillerød 30 kms north of Copenhagen where he had been staying with his son Peder. Above the page is the year 1812 and the 58 to right is the age, which is off by 6 years, he was actually 64.
Søren Aabyes given name was Søren Nielsen, but most of these traders were known by their birthplace, so Søren Nielsen Aabye.

5 Genealogy List
Clemen Larsen 1716 and 1731 mentioned as tenant in Hyvild, Brande
Lars Clemmensen †1746 Hyvild, Brande. See Anne Poulsdatter.
Anne Poulsdatter *1710c †1786 Hyvild, Brande
first marriage 1730c with Lars Clemmensen †1746-, Hyvild, Brande. Known children:
a. Maren Larsdatter *1731c Hyvild, Brande †1821 Brandlund, Brande marriage 1754c with Søren Jensen *1725c †1798 Brandlund, Brande
1. Lars Sørensen *1755c born i Uhre, Brande according to military conscription list of 1789. †1824 Copenhagen. Brandy distiller Landemærket 172. Marriage 1789 in Copenhagen with widow Birgitte Justesen Faurholt *1752c †1825 Copenhagen. Two children. He is 1797 godfather for sister Ane III's first child in Copenhagen.
Ellen Sørine Lund *1789 Landemærket, Kbh. †1865 Ørslev, Vordingborg gift 1809 i Trinitatis, Kbh. med Isaach Pedersen *1780 Kbh. †1855 Ørslev, skoleholder i Ørslev.
2. Jens Sørensen *1757c born i Uhre, Brande according to military conscription list of 1789, †1830 Brandlund, Brande miller, farmer, marriage 1797 with Anne Margrethe Nielsdatter *1771 Døvling, Skarrild †1855 Brandlund, Brande. Five children, one of whom became grown (Bodil Marie Jensdatter):
Søren Jensen *1799 Brandlund, Brande. Died two weeks old.
Bodil Marie Jensdatter *1800 Brandlund, Brande †1878 Brandlund, Brande married 1825 to Jeppe Pedersen *1784, Østerby, Sønder Omme †1850 Brandlund, Brande. They took over her parent's farm. (She is the informant on her grandfather Søren Jensen, she told her story 1868 to the pastor in Brande, who relayed it in a letter to Barfod, Søren Kierkegaard's literary executor).
Niels Jensen *1802 Brandlund, Brande. Died twelve years old.
Maren Jensdatter *1806 Brandlund, Brande. Died three months old.
Maren Jensdatter *1814 Brandlund, Brande. Died six weeks old.
3. Mette Sørensdatter *1758c Uhre, Brande †1813 Brandlund, Brande. Handicapped with injured leg. Could knit and spin.
4. Ane I. Sørensdatter *1761c Uhre, Brande †1811 Langkær, Brande.
First marriage 1793 in Brande with Thomas Lassen *1758c †1805 Grarup, Brande. Four children:
Lars Thomsen *1794 Grarup, Brande.
Maren Thomasdatter *1796 Grarup, Brande.
Søren Thomsen *1799 Grarup, Brande. Died two years old.
Søren Thomsen *1802 Grarup, Brande. Died two years old also.
Second marriage 1806 in Brande with Ivar Madsen from Give *1760c †1827 Langkær, Brande his second marriage of three. No children.
5. Ane II. Sørensdatter *1764c Uhre or Brandlund †1831 Brandlund, Brande marriage 1816 in Brande with Jens Clemmensen *1778 Skerris, Brande †1831 Brandlund, Brande. Both died the same day, cause not mentioned but suspected. Said to take over her "father's house" in Brandlund, which seems likely. "Mother's house" would be a more apt description. No children.
6. Ane III. Sørensdatter *1768c Brandlund, Brande †1834 Copenhagen marriage 1797 in Copenhagen with Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard *1756 Kierkegaard, Sædding †1838 Copenhagen, his second marriage. Notice how all the first children die before becoming 34, which their father took as a superstitious omen, divine punishment and which was the age at which Jesus died and so over-heavy with implications. This explains Søren Kierkegaard's own surprise at surviving his 34st birthday and shows the immense suggestive powers of his father.
Maren Kierstine Kierkegaard *1797 Copenhagen †1822 Copenhagen, 24 years old.
Nicoline Kristine Kierkegaard *1799 Copenhagen †1832 Copenhagen, 33 years old, marriage 1824 in Copenhagen with Johan Christian Lund *1799 †1875. Haberdasher, not related at all to Ane Lund. Four children, among them:
Henrik Sigvard Lund *1825 Copenhagen †1889. (He is the one who created a scandal by protesting at Søren Kierkegaard's burial through the official church notwithstanding Søren's crusade against it).
Petrea Severine Kierkegaard *1801 Copenhagen †1834 Copenhagen, 33 years old, marriage 1828 in Copenhagen with Henrik Ferdinand Lund *1803 †1875. Bank employee, brother to Johan Lund. Four Children, among them:
Anna Henriette Lund *1829 Copenhagen †1909 Copenhagen. (She wrote "Reminiscences from Home" a primary source on Søren Kierkegaard's home and family).
Peter Christian Kierkegaard *1805 Copenhagen †1888, bishop, 83 years old, married 1. 1836 to Elise Marie Boisen †1837, 2. 1841 to Sophie Heriette Glahn †1881. One son of last marriage.
Søren Mikael Kierkegaard *1807 Copenhagen †1819 Copenhagen, 12 years old.
Niels Andreas Kierkegaard *1809 Copenhagen †1833 Paterson, New Jersey, USA, 24 years old.
Søren Aabye Kierkegaard *1813 Copenhagen †1855 Copenhagen. 42 winters old.
b. Anne Larsdatter *1738c Hyvild, Brande †1798 Nørre Askær, Brande 1. marriage 1771- with Søren Lassen †1771c Nørre Askær, Brande
Bertel Sørensen *1771 Nørre Askær, Brande. †1832 Hindskov Thyregod.
Anna Larsdatter married 2. time to Christen Jensen *1750 Harrild, Ejstrup †1818 Nørre Askær, Brande
Søren Christensen *1774 Nørre Askær, Brande. 1801 soldier.
Ane Christensdatter *1776 Nørre Askær, Brande. †1857 Nørre Askær, Brande.
Maren Christensdatter *1778 Nørre Askær, Brande †1857 Give.
Jens Christensen *1780 Nørre Askær, Brande. Died one year old.
Inger Christensdatter *1782 Nørre Askær, Brande †1853 Hesselbjerre, Thyregod.
c. Clemen Larsen *1743c Hyvild, Brande †1805 Hyvild, Brande married 1776 in Grindsted with Maren Jensdatter *1754 Utoft, Grindsted †1837 Hyvild, Brande
Ane Kirstine Clemensdatter *1778 Hyvild, Brande. Died one year old.
Lars Clemensen *1781 Hyvild, Brande †1814 Hyvild, Brande. Died 33 years old unmarried.
Christen Clemmensen *1783 Hyvild, Brande †1855 Hyvild, Brande. Took over the farm in Hyvild 1813 from his mother. Married to Else Marie Pedersdatter. 5 children.
Anne Clemensdatter *1786 Hyvild, Brande. Died one year old.
Anne Kierstine Clemensdatter *1788 Hyvild, Brande †1866. Married 1820 to Troels Christensen, Fruelund, Give.
Anne Marie Clemensdatter *1791 Hyvild, Brande †1834. Married to Jens Eriksen Thyregodlund.
Jens Clemmensen *1795 Hyvild, Brande †1876 Thyregod. Married to Ane Siversdatter.
Anne Poulsdatter's second marriage 1746 with Christen Thomsen *1718c †1781 Hyvild, Brande. Known children:
d. Maren Christensdatter *1750c Hyvild, Brande †1777 Langkær, Brande. Married 1775 in Brande with Thomas Kjeldsen of Store Langkær, Brande. One child who died six month old.
e. Child? Christensen or Christensdatter *1751- (i.e. born before 1751) Hyvild, Brande. Mentioned in tax census 1763 as over 12 years old and otherwise not accounted for.

Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard's ancestors in Sædding are known, at least in part, five generations back. See Arne Feldborg's tables.

6. The Place Brandlund in Brande Parish
The Place Brandlund in Brande Parish. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
2009. Brandlund. The town Brande has grown to include the old place Brandlund, where Søren Jensen and Maren Larsdatter lived. The old Brandlund is off to the left a ways.
Click on picture to enlarge.

Map of Brande Parish with places of interest indicated. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Map of Brande Parish with places of interest indicated. (Videnskabernes Selskabs Kort 1803). Most of the parish is heath, only the white areas are cultivated.
Click on picture to enlarge.

Old Brandlund in Brande Parish. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
2009. Old Brandlund. The farms and houses lay along the road going to Uhre in the middle of the picture. Brandlundvej = Brandlund Road.
Click on picture to enlarge.


7. Documentary evidence Søren Jensen
As to his place of birth, there are three reasons to think it is not Brande Parish.
The first reason is that in 1741, when he was around 16, he would have appeared in the mi­li­ta­ry draft roll in Brande of that year which included all boys and men between 9 and 40 years of age. This is a large exhaustive roll and he is not found in it. But there are exceptions such as two young men — out of about 90 — who have been proved to be born in Brande, but still do not fi­gu­re in the roll. So the argument is strong, but not infallible like certain authorities.
The second reason is his granddaughter Bodil Marie Jensdatters statement to that effect in the letter from parson Olesen in Brande to Kirkegaard's literary executor Barfod in 1868 [ED].

... He was probably not born here in this parish, but the name of the parish, where he had come from, was not known. ...

Bodil Marie did not know her grandfather personally, because she was born two years after Søren Jensens death, but her father Jens Sørensen will have known, where his father was born, which she is likely to have been told and have forgotten. What stayed with her was, that he was not from Brande. There is no strong argument here, but it is certainly more than an indication.
The third reason is not so strong, but has to be mentioned: His wife is born in Brande and that is probably why he settled in Brande.
Summing up: he is unlikely to have born in Brande Parish, but it cannot be com­ple­te­ly ex­clu­ded as a possibility, see also10.
Since his first child is born around 1755, he is assumed to have married a little before that date say 1754, when Maren Larsdatter was 23 or may be a little younger. According to the mi­li­ta­ry conscription list of 1789 his two sons are born in Uhre Brande [ED]. In the year 1762 an ex­tre­mely accurate "extra tax" census14 was conducted in which no omissions or erroneous names have so far been identified. Søren Jensen is listed in Uhre, Brande.

Extra Tax List of Oct. 1762 in Uhre, Brande:
Søren Jensen in Uhre, Brande Oct. 1762 in extra tax list. © 2013, Villy M. Sorensen
Extra Tax List of Oct. 1762. This shows Søren Jensen in Uhre, Brande with wife, which is the 2 in the first column meaning man and wife. The next column is children over 12 years of age of which there are none (he has four children at that date but all below the age of 12), the last four columns are for workers on the farm and others.
There is another list which was of winter 1763 in the parish of Brande - in other parishes of dec. 1762. The reason for the late list in Brande was that the pastor died and first as the new pastor arrived was the last list made. Søren Jensen is listed in the second list of 1763 also.
This could have been any Søren Jensen, but that is is the grandfather of Søren Kierkegaard is proved by the military draft roll of 1789 mentioned above and seen in the picture below, where it is stated that his sons were born i Uhre, Brande.
The owner of the place on the left is Hans Jensen Smith (Grovsmed) in Uhre. Grovsmed means smith of large iron things, klejnsmed would be a smith of small things. The place was certainly small and would normally have been somewhere between 20 and 40 acres.
Link in regular text above shows commented transcript.

Military draft roll in Brande 1789:
Søren Jensen with sons Lars and Jens born in Uhre in military draft roll of 1789.
Military draft roll of 1789 with Søren Jensens sons Lars and Jens shown to be born i Uhre — for sons the third column shows place of birth, for fathers place of residence. Sons are numbered, fathers not. Søren Jensen sons are 34 and 32 years of age in 1789 and both in 'Khaun' which is Copenhagen i.e. 'Københaun'. Both can leave the roll (can not be conscripted any more) the commentary on the right says, whereby the first and last words have not been deciphered.
The third column in the marked line with Søren Jensen should have said Brandlund, where he lived, but has probably been left out because his sons were born in Uhre, not in Brandlund. Most fathers live the same place their sons were born. The line above Søren Jensen in that column says 'Do.' or ditto 'same as above' which is Risbjerg in Brande, the next father (not shown in the picture, it is on the next page) after Søren Jensen is listed in Brandlund as expected.
Picture courtesy of hammerum-herred.dk (see Søren Jensen in lower right of picture).
Link in regular text above shows commented transcript.

Søren Jensen's father was called Jens; this follows from his patronymic Jensen. Since three of his daughters were named after different women of name Ane, it is a fair guess that his mother was called Ane, but this does not help identify where he came from.
He was a tenant on a small farm i Uhre which was owned by Hans Jensen the Smith also of Uhre, but between 1763 and 1768 he moved to a large farm in Brandlund also as a tenant.
His first presently (2013) known mention in Brandlund is in June 1768 [ED]. The next mention is the year after, when the pastor is worried about getting enough tithe — of which he personally gets one third — from Jens Knudsen in Brandlund, who is not a tenant but runs a farm owned by his father and consequently a self confident person. The pastor counts the number of sheaves on his fields and is chased off by Jens Knudsen in august 1769. The pastor, N. C. Clausen, charges Jens Knudsen before the Nørvang Herredsting, which is the court in the county that Brande belongs to. Three witnesses from Brandlund are called: Truels Pedersen, Christen Larsen and Søren Jensen7.
The next reference to him in Brandlund is from 1771. He is a tenant on a farm belonging to Hastrup Manor in the neighboring parish Thyregod8. He is listed to pay 4 rigsdaler a year te­nan­cy rent. The half-farm, separate buildings common fields, he is on has the Danish measure in Hartkorn (hard seed being wheat and barley) 2 tønder, 0 skæpper, 3 fjerdingkar and 2 album (2 0 3 2), which - without going into the gory details — is somewhere around 120 acres. The other half-farm is tenanted by Christen Christensen. Søren's farm can sow about 800 kg rye seed and provides 4 wagon loads of hay. His part of the communal grass lands can graze 13 head of cattle [ED].
In 1774 he is listed in a military draft roll in Brandlund on Hartkorn 2 0 3 2 as above still belonging to Hastrup [ED]. The same year he is called as a witness in the "Brandy in Brande or Successful Rebellion in Brande"9 case. Common law had allowed distilling brandy for ages, but the king wanted taxes from it, which he could only control in cities. Country people kept on di­stil­ling as their right, though, but in 1773 a new statutory law rewarded informers by passing the (large) fines on to them. So merchants in the closest city, Vejle, in March 1774 sent out as a spy Bernd Glarmester ('glasmaster'), who was sold brandy at three different farms in Brande. This was 'illegal', so a week later a large 'inquisition' party of six came the 24 miles from Vejle and found and impounded one still; the other two farms were warned though and nothing was found there. The party could not get accommodation in Brande — naturally, being so sneaky — but late at night they found beds in Brandlund, where from they were ungraciously rousted at "two o'clock past midnight" by "most if not all inhabitants in the parish, men and women, boys and girls" who gathered in the yard where "this ganged up scum armed with sticks, poles and scythes" uttered violent and antagonistic maliciousness and took the impounded still back and even made the 'inquisition' party sign that they would never inquire any more in Brande or sue in court, so sign the party did to avoid harm.
This was rebellion, not directly against the king's officials but a 'sanctioned' party with the more or less formal blessing of the court. So the court in Vejle goes into frenetic action and sub­poenas everybody it has a name on in Brande (the party from Vejle did not know anybody in far off Brande, that was their problem); it even subpoenas wives of men, who don't have one. In this list there are "Christen Nielsen, Søren Jensen og Søren Simonsen from Brandlund" and also their wives [ED]. All in all 71 people are rampantly subpoenaed.
The judge is circumspect, a seasoned, experienced diplomat and cautious so that after two stormy sessions the temperature drops. Finally the case is dismissed because one of the farmers owned his farm — was not a tenant — and as owner should have been called before the county chief administrative officer before being charged. Søren Jensen does not actually appear as a witness in the records, which was also the case with most of the others, that were grandly sub­poe­naed.

Map of Brande Parish with places of interest indicated. © 2009-12, Villy M. Sorensen
Brande, Brandlund and Hyvild. The gray is farmed land, the rest heath. The distance between Hyvild and Brande is about 3 km. Map from 1803, Videnskabernes Selskab.
Click on picture to enlarge.

Towards the end of 1774 Søren looses this tenancy and it must be because of arrears in tenancy rent, because the owner of Hastrup, lawyer Andreas Bagger, in an unusually harsh reaction lets Søren's belongings auction off in 1775 [ED]. Andreas Bagger was economically strapped and e­ven­tually went bankrupt five years later. He put several tenant's belongings up for auction but ended up hurting himself, because nobody would take tenancy from him any more. Søren's half farm was vacant for years and then had to be split up between the two other farms belonging to Hastrup, because nobody could be found to take it. It is likely, on the other hand, that Søren hadn't paid much rent at all — he might have owed 10 years rent — and so was not without guilt in this, but still, the reaction on Bagger's part is destructively vindictive.
In 1777 we find Søren taken in at the farm, where his wife was born in Hyvild and where her brother Clemmen Larsen, called Clemmen Hyvild here, is a tenant. Hyvild consists of two half-farms as they are called, the other tenant being Michel Pedersen called Michel Hyvild below.
Søren Jensen in April 1777 in Hyvild, Brande in the church register [ED]:

1777 15. The same day had Michel Hyvild a daughter for baptism of his 1st wife Johanne called Maren borne by Mads Riisberg's wife Godfathers were Christen Thomesen in Hyvild, Søren Jensen in Hyvild, Clemen Hyvild's wife Niels Østergaard's daughter in Brande.

Hyvild has only the two half-farms which already had tenants, so Søren and his family cannot stay there long. If he had by some chance, he would have appeared later at some of the many baptisms of the two families there.
But already four weeks later, in May and December of 1777, he is listed of Brande village in the probate records [ED] for Peder Poulsen, saddlemaker in Brandlund, where he is a custodian for the widow. That it is Kierkegaards grandfather and not one of the three other Søren Jensens at that time in Brande parish is near certain for he knew the widow and the deceased having lived as a neighbor to them and the other Søren Jensens were in the locations Risbjerg, Flø and Grarup and generally called Søren Risbjerg, Søren Flø and the one in Grarup was a smith. When the parson, N. C. Clausen, who issues the probate record, writes the location Brande, he means the location Brande village, he lived there and would not make mistakes in this. The custodian of the two children is Peder Arnborg who is mentioned of Brande and he is also know to reside in Brande village.
In the probate records above Søren Jensen is owed 1 mark and 1 skilling for work done. So he did some work as a hired hand to make ends meet.
He finds a place again in Brandlund before 1781, when he is employed with one more person to estimate the value of an estate for inheritance proceedings (probate records) [ED]. Only well-rounded, realistic men, who know the value of many things, are thus employed, so this shows Søren to be esteemed and a man of good standing.
Søren Jensen's daughter Ane is 1780 godfather for Clemen Larsen's son Lars in Hyvild [ED]. Ane III is too young being 12, it could be either the most likely Ane I, 19, or Ane II 16. The church register does not mention where she lives, but it is supposedly Brandlund since Søren Jens­en is seen there the next year.
In 1785 [ED] Hastrup has reconfigured the four farms previously listed to three and Søren Jensen is no longer a tenant. He is not a tenant on any other farm of appreciable size in Brand­lund, where he is still living.
His son Lars Sørensen Lund in Copenhagen marries the widow of a brandy distiller in 1789 [ED] and thus gets the means to buy a small farm in Brandlund for his family, so by 1791 Søren has enough standing and land, that he is listed in the general repartition30 [ED] of farmed land in Denmark for Brandlund. He is mentioned with three others who also have very little land. In 1793 his daughter Ane I marries [ED] and has children. Søren is mentioned in the church register these years [for example: ED] . The same is the case, when his youngest son, Jens, comes back from Co­pen­ha­gen and marries in 1797 [ED]. Jens buys a farm of some 40 acres (hartkorn 0 5 0 2) also in Brandlund next to his parents in 1799 [ED], about double of what his father had.
Søren's granddaughter Bodil Marie Jensdatter, born 1800 [ED] as daughter of Jens, says — many years later — that he lived in a house with a cow and four sheep [ED]. This sounds rea­son­able. The house had some land, but not much. Brandlund had such houses then. They were so small, that their inhabitants were often not counted in censuses such as the one in 1787 [ED]. It is not significant, that he is not listed in that census in Brandlund, many others in Brande parish were similarly not listed.
Bodil Marie also mentions him as part schoolteacher, church singer [ED] and 'Master of Seating' regarding festivities, the last not being a known function in Brande at the time and should therefore be taken with a grain of salt. He seems to have dabbled in different things without this leaving traces for us to see. Bodil Marie thinks Ane II, who married in 1816 when Bodil Marie was 16, with her husband got the house Søren had before.
There is a question here, if his wife Maren Larsdatter stayed in that house after he died in 1798 and the house thereby stayed in the family so to speak? Maren owned the house and land she lived on in 1805. Brande Farm History99 has Ane II with her husband on a place, where Mads Jørgensen lived in 1800, which seems to follow from a later deed [ED]. It seems more likely, that she lived on in the house she had lived in with her husband and that Brande Farm History is mis­ta­ken on this point.
Søren does not appear much in the church register, not even at baptisms of his neighbors. He does not seem to have been of the kind, that get the social invitations. This does not harmonize easily with being 'Master of Seating'.
As Søren dies in 1798, the sexton and the pastor disagree on his age. The pastor didn't copy 72 [ED] right from the sexton's book and put down 73 [ED].

1798. Søren Jensen's burial in sexton's church register Brande parish. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
1798. Søren Jensen's burial in sexton's church register Brande parish. Age 72.
Click on picture to enlarge.

1798. Søren Jensen's burial in parson's church register Brande parish. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
1798. Søren Jensen burial in parson's church register Brande parish. Age 73. The parson bases his register — which consists of separate lists of baptisms, burials, marriages and confirmations on a yearly basis — on the sexton's day by day register. The sexton's is generally the more immediate and accurate (the real primary source), so when he says Søren Jensen's age was 72, this is more believable than the parson's 73, which is likely to be a copying error.
Click on picture to enlarge.

Dates and Periods in Søren Jensen's Life:
1725c born, probably not in Brande parish
1741 not listed in military draft roll of boys in Brande, so unlikely to be born in Brande [10]
1754c married in Brande to Maren Larsdatter from Hyvild, Brande. Settle on little farm in Uhre, Brande.
1755 - 1763 four children born in Uhre Brande
1763 listed in Uhre Brande in accurate tax list
1768 - 1774 tenant on fairly large farm in Brandlund before June 1768
1775 looses tenancy, belongings auctioned off to cover arrears in rent
1775 - 1777 taken in at wife's stepfather in Hyvild, Brande
1777 listed in Brande village
1778 - 1780 no sources
1781 back in a house —not likely with much land — in Brandlund
1789 son Lars in Copenhagen buys small farm for him in Brandlund
1789 - 1798 House with one cow and four sheep in Brandlund
1798 died in Brandlund

To sum up:
Søren Jensen married Maren Larsdatter from Hyvild, Brande around 1754 and lived first in the village of Uhre in Brande parish, where he worked a small farm. Their sons Lars and Jens were born in Uhre. Between 1763 and 1768 the family moved to Brandlund. Søren's granddaughter thinks he came from another parish without her knowing which — after all she was born two years after his death. He is first mentioned in Brandlund in June 1768 and it is reasonable, from her own statement to that effect, that Ane III Sørensdatter was born in Brandlund. From her a­ge in the census her birth should be in 1768. At that time he is tenant on a fairly large farm; he is seen there 1768-74. This tenancy he looses late in 1774, his belongings being auctioned off in 1775 presumably for arrears. He is taken in on his wife's stepfather's farm in Hyvild, Brande for some time appearing there in 1777, but he is soon back in Brandlund again in a house with li­ke­ly very little land by 1781. His son Lars in Copenhagen buys a small farm, in 1789, there with a house for the family. In 1791 he is listed in the general repartition of land (fields) being 63 then. His granddaughter says he was little and witty. He would not seem to have been fond of farming but to have dabbled in other things.

8. Documentary evidence Maren Larsdatter
Her later life is quite well known, whereas her early years are not. In the census 1801 [ED] a Ma­ren Larsdatter, 50, is a "lodger" with her son Jens. She belongs to a different family and is not related. Our Maren Larsdatter's real age is about 70, she has her own house and has two daughters living with her. Her household is not mentioned in the census, but many are left out of that census.
In 1804 "Poor Commissions" were established in Denmark in each parish to care for those who could not take care of themselves in an organized way. Maren Larsdatter appears twice before the commission and twice at other times approaches members of the commission to act on her be­half to obtain support for her sickly daughter Mette Sørensdatter. The first time is in Sep­tem­ber 1805, where the commission gives no help [ED], because:

She has good crops
Owns her house
Has two cows, which give milk
Daughter (Mette Sørensdatter) well enough to work
Got 20 rigsdaler (fairly large sum, roughly the value of three cows) this year (1805) from her family

Even though the support is denied, Mette does receive 2 rigsdaler that year as temporary help and as an indication that the commission sort of acknowledges that she is considerably han­di­cap­ped [ED].
A little over a year later Maren approaches the pastor — L. M. Lund, who is a member of the Poor Commission — about support for her daughter Mette [ED], but the commission considers the mother fit — Maren is 75 years old that year — and Mette is supposedly known to the commission "not to want support and wanting to earn her own keep", so the answer is negative.
Maren is persistent, though, and appears once more three month later in March 1807 before the commission [ED], which enters a number of revealing circumstances into the minutes, which are pictured below followed by a translated transcript:

1807. Maren Larsdatter appears before the Poor Commission in Brande parish seeking support for sickly daughter Mette Sørensdatter. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Maren Larsdatter appears 1807 before the Poor Commission in Brande parish seeking support for sickly daughter Mette Sørensdatter.
Click on picture to enlarge.

Here is the 1807 request in transcript translated in close to Danish word order:

Maren Lasdatter of Brandlund appeared before the commission and requested support for her sick daughter Mette Sørensdatter. The circumstances were considered most assiduously. The mother is an old widow, who has a house with a little over 3 Skp. [about 20 acres], keeps 1 cow and no sheep. Apart from the sickly daughter the mother had another daughter at home, who is fit and strong, could take a job, but will not. The sickly daughter is not in bed, can knit stockings and spin, because her sickness consists in a leg injury. The mother is completely fit and can still take care of her house and the cow. Esq. Arrevad was of the opinion, that her condition in no way qualified her for support particularly as long as the other daughter {Ane II} was still at home. Christen Thygesen and Peder {Pedersen} Fløe concurred with this opinion. Peder {Pedersen} Usseltoft did rightly believe that Mette Sørensdatter could need support, but as long as the other daughter did not take a job, he considered it not right to give her something. The pastor approved wholeheartedly of Peder Usseltoft's reprimand.

So the following grand picture of the household situation in 1807 emerges:

Maren Larsdatter, 76, is completely fit, owns a house and about 20 acres
Ane II Sørensdatter is 43, fit and strong, will not take a job, which hinders support for Mette
Mette Sørensdatter, 50, has a serious leg injury, can knit and spin, considered to be needing support
One cow
No sheep

Maren makes a final appeal through Esquire Otto Arrevad, who has a small estate called Brand­holm and is the largest land owner in the parish. In December of 1807 he puts it before the Poor Commission, of which he is a member, which rules [ED] that although Mette would be needing sup­port, if it were given now, it would likely be consumed by her sister and her mother. If Ane II takes a job, they will give support to Mette.
Nevertheless Maren gets temporary help for Mette in 1808 1 rigsdaler [ED], 1809 4 rigsdaler [ED], 1810 4 rigsdaler [ED], 1811 4 rigsdaler and 25 kg rye and 12 kg barley [ED]. The rye is for making rye-bread, the traditional Danish bread. Barley could be used for brewing beer or other things. In the whole parish, there were between 7 and 12 people in class 1, whose complete up­keep the Poor Commission paid for. In class 2 fell people, who could do some things themselves and didn't need quite as much support. Mette was in class 3, which meant she got some occasional money and some food.
In 1811 Maren's son in law, Søren Kierkegaard's father Michael P. Kierkegaard, actually pays — in the name of her son Lars Sørensen Lund of Copenhagen — for the place where Maren stays with her daughters. Lars' unmarried sisters are specifically mentioned in this deed of 1811 Ane II and Mette [ED]. This deed seems to be a repeat of the one from 1789, which Lars probably did not get paid.
In 1812 Maren gets 50 kg rye and 63 kg barley [ED], 1813 25 kg rye and 25 kg barley [ED] — for the first time she is called "old Maren" being 81 years old — and 4 rigsdaler for firewood [ED]. That year her daughter Mette dies aged 55 [ED].
That Maren continues getting support after that must be due to her being quite old. She is called "old Maren" in the Poor Commission protocol. In 1814 she gets only 0,7 rigsdaler [ED], 1815 2 rigsdaler for firewood [ED], in 1816 37 kg rye, 25 kg barley, 1 kg butter [ED]. That year the remaining daughter Ane II being 52 marries Jens Clemmensen. They live in Brandlund, but it is not certain where. It would be natural, if they took over the house and acreage, that Maren had. But when they die in 1831 it is on a small farm, which Brande Farm History99 claims is owned by Mads Jørgensen in 1800, whereas Maren's house was owned by herself in that year. It is con­si­der­ed very likely, that Ane II and Jens got Maren's house and land.
In 1817 Maren gets 25 kg rye [ED], 1818 [ED] and 1819 [ED] and 1820 [ED] 25 kg rye, 25 kg barley, 1 kg butter, in 1821 38 kg rye, 25 kg barley [ED]. .
Her daughters get married very late: Ane I at 32, Ane II at 52 and Ane III at 29. The first daughter, Mette, was — as we have seen — handicapped with an injured leg and did not marry [ED]. Maren is not listed at her brother Clemen's baptisms in Hyvild, nor is she mentioned o­ther­wi­se in the church register, except for communion.
She goes regularly as can be seen 1800-1821 where the 'Kommunions Bog (book)' has sur­vi­ved. Some years she goes twice namely mostly six weeks after Easter and once in October [see for example 1820: ED]. Twenty two communions for her are recorded. She is hale and hearty until the end and gets to church by herself at the age of 89; if she had come on a wagon, her son or a neighbor would have been there too in the register, which is not the case.

1798. Maren Larsdatter named 1819 (1 person) in Communion Book for Brande Parish. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Maren Larsdatter named 1819 (1 person) in Communion Book for Brande Parish.
Click on picture to enlarge.

In 1821 she dies [ED] and is described as widow of Søren Jensen in Brandlund.

Maren Larsdatter's burial 1821. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
1821. Maren Larsdatter's burial.
Click on picture to enlarge.

9. Documentary evidence Lars Clemmensen, Hyvild, Brande
Lars Clemmensen is mentioned in three documents. The first is the church register of the neigh­bor­ing parish of Arnborg, where he is godfather in 1733 [ED] at a baptism. One would suppose he's somehow related to the parents of the child, but nothing is known of this.
The second is a military draft list from 1734 [ED]. He is a tenant on one half of the place Hy­vild, Brande. He is listed under Juellingholm Manor in Sønder Omme parish, just south of Brande. But the title on the page says "associated other non-pertaining acreage", so the farm did not be­long to Juellingholm. The use of the columns in the document is contradictory, because the next line has pastor Risom in Brande listed as a tenant, which he was certainly not. The listed (Hans) Folsach (*1684c †1758) of the town Kolding was married to the daughter Elisabet Gyberg of war-­counselor Christian Knudsen Gyberg (†1740) and so was most likely involved in the 'mounted military property' (ryttergods), it is less likely that he owned farms in Brande parish.

Lars Clemmensen mentioned in military draft roll 1734. Hyvild is spelled Hyfvel half of which he had as a tenant. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Lars Clemmensen mentioned in military draft roll 1734. Hyvild is spelled Hyfvel half of which he had as a tenant.
Click on picture to enlarge.

The third document is his widow's, Anne Poulsdatter's, royal permission to marry a person re­la­ted to her from 1746 [ED]. So Lars probably died at the beginning of 1746. A widow had to re­mar­ry quickly in those days to keep the farm going. A farm hand cost money, a husband didn't.
Lars had three known children with Anne Poulsdatter:

Maren Larsdatter *1731c Hyvild, Brande †1821 Brandlund, Brande, married around 1754 most likely in Brande to Søren Jensen. See above.
Anne Larsdatter *1738c Hyvild, Brande †1798 Nørre Askær, Brande 1st marriage 1771- with Søren Lassen †1771c Nørre Askær, Brande, 2nd marriage 1773c in Brande with Christen Jensen *1750c Harrild, Ejstrup †1818 Nørre Askær, Brande
Clemen Larsen *1743c Hyvild, Brande †1805 Hyvild, Brande, married 1776 in Grindsted with Maren Jensdatter *1753c †1837. He took over tenancy from his father of the farm in Hyvild.


Royal permission to marry to Anne Poulsdatter and Christen Thomsen. 1746. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Royal permission to marry, although related in the third degree, to Anne Poulsdatter and Christen Thomsen. 1746.
Note that names are written in Latin letters — almost anyway with some s'es and r's gone wrong — the rest in Gothic letters.
Click on picture to enlarge.

This document [ED] in close to word by word translation (afterliver i.e. the one who lives after the death of the partner, We is the royal we):

50. Christen Thomsen of Ribe disocese Marriage Allowance in 3rd Degree
F5te {Frederik the Fifth, king 1746-66}
[. . ..]We, after thereabout most-subservient-humbliest made application and demand, most-graceously have granted and allowed so also herewith grant and allow, that Christen Thomsen and Anne Povelsdaughter departed Lars Clemensen's afterliver, peasants in Brande Parish in Ribe diocese in our land Northern Jutland, may into matrimony come together notwithstanding that they appear to be each other in the 3rd degree related. Though etc.
Christiansborg the 14'th Octobr 1746.

Christiansborg is the king's castle in central Copenhagen. Today it houses the Danish par­lia­ment, Folketinget. That the king issues this permission does not mean he was personally involved. These matters were dealt with at much lower levels in the administration. It does mean that these per­mis­sions — exemptions from the law — could only be granted by the king or in his name. Frederik V., who was 23, had been crowned Aug. 6th that year and had only been king for two months when this permission was granted.

The place Hyvild in Brande, 2009. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
2009. The place Hyvild in Brande. Vej means way or road. The farm, at about the same place as Lars Clemmensen's farm, is hidden by the trees.
Click on picture to enlarge.

Hyvild farm (gaard) 2009. © 2009, Villy M. Sorensen
Hyvild farm (gaard) 2009.
Click on picture to enlarge.


10. Documentary evidence Anne Poulsdatter, Hyvild, Brande
She was born around 1710 and married young the first time before 1731. Like her husband Lars, she is also known from two documents. The first is the royal permission to marry [ED] shown a­bo­ve. The second is her death in Hyvild 1786 [ED] in winter. Under buried: "Second Sunday in lent Clemen Hyvild's mother 76 years". Clemen Hyvild is her son Clemen Larsen with Lars.
After Lars died she married Christen Thomsen, who was born around 1718 and died 1781 [ED] in Hyvild. They were married in 1746 in Brande and had one known daughter:

Maren Christensdatter *1750c Hyvild, Brande †1777 [ED] Langkær, Brande, married 1775 [ED] in Brande to Thomas Kjeldsen, Store Langkær. They had a daughter Anne born in december 1776 [ED] and who died six months old. Maren died shortly after the daughter was born.

In the tax census of 1763 [ED] - which only lists names of heads of households i.e. mainly men, but mentions if a wife is present and number of children above 12 years old - Anne Pouls­datter and Christen Thomsen have three children above the age of 12 at home. In the following list Clemen and Maren are considered reasonably sure, but Maren could have been another child. Census Hyvild 1763 one half-farm including children over 12 years old, in parentheses data from other sources than the tax census. Hyvild 1763 as likely reconstruction:

Christen Thomsen (age 45, *1718c †1781 Hyvild, Brande)
Anne Poulsdatter (age 53, *1710c †1786 Hyvild, Brande)
Clemen Larsen? (age 25, *1738c Hyvild, Brande †1805 Hyvild, Brande)
Child? (age above 12, *1751- Hyvild, Brande)
Maren Christensdatter (age 13, *1750c Hyvild, Brande †1777 Langkær, Brande)

Maren Larsdatter in 1763 lives in Uhre Brande with Søren Jensen, who is listed as having a wife.
Anne Poulsdatter's name explains why one of Søren Jensen and Maren Larsdatter's daugh­ters was named Ane, but there are two more Ane's to go.

11. Documentary evidence Clemen Larsen, Hyvild, Brande
Clemen Larsen is known from two deeds the first being in 1716 [ED], where Johan Jacob Sejr on Rørbæk Manor, Vester Parish sells a half-farm of the Danish measure in Hartkorn (hard seed, wheat, barley) 3 tønder, 5 skæpper, 3 fjerdingkar and ½ album (3 5 3 ½) to Jens Nielsen Skjær­lund in Brande parish for 230 rigsdaler. The tenant is Clemen Larsen. The second deed is from 1731 [ED], when Jens Nielsen Skjærlund's widow, Karen Christensdatter, has made that half-farm in Hyvild part of Brandholm Manor, a small Manor in Brande Parish right next to Hyvild. The size of it is the same as that listed for Lars Clemmensen in 1734, who is his son because both pla­ce and patronymic fit, son of Clemen i.e. Clemenson and Lars because he was named after his grand­fa­ther, whose name was Lars because of Clemen's patronymic.
Since his son Lars married around 1731, he passed tenancy on to him between 1731 and 1734.


NOTES:
[1] See (in Danish): Nørvang Herred under Brande.

[2] For example T. Bundgaard Lassen: "SØREN KIERKEGAARDS MODER OG HENDES SLÆGT I BRANDE-EGNEN (Søren Kierkegaard's Mother and her Ancestry around Brande)", Vejle Amts Aarbog, 1942, pp. 224 - 234.
Page 225 translated: "...Maren Larsdatter, was from Hyvild in Brande parish...", ("...Maren Larsdatter, var fra Hyvild i Brande Sogn..."). The text states that the source is the letter from parson Olesen in Brande. See also Olesen letter 1868.
Bundgaard Lassen was school superintendent in Brande and was concerned, using all kinds of homespun reasonings, to prove that Kierkegaard, after all and deep down and what not, cherished his mother. But that is doomed to failure. There is no evidence, that Kierkegaard disliked his mother in any way, but she seems to be irrelevant to his main pursuit. Perhaps one could say Kierkegaard was agnostic on his mother in regard to his central focus — of which she was simply not part.

[3] See [2] p. 233 tombstone inscription. Or see [6] Ammundsen.

[4] Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 3. ed., 1981, tome 7, p. 640, article on Søren Kierkegaard, close to the beginning, my translation {my comments}:

K.[ierkegaard] mentions her {his mother} offhand in two letters to his brother {Peter Christian} in March 1829, but never in his diaries {often called journals} and she has after appearances not been accorded a place in his authorship either.

With 'after appearances' the Danish Biographical Dictionary leaves open the possibility, that some trace or influence of his mother may still be found in his works and journals, or perhaps being there but not discoverable in retrospect.

[5] Preben Lilhav: "Kierkegaard og hans mor" (Kierkegaard and his mother). SICANA 2007.
The title is quite misleading, because the first two thirds of the book are about his father. The rest cites the few primary and almost all known secondary sources about his mother and launches hypotheses.

[6] V. Ammundsen: SØREN KIERKEGAARDS UNGDOM (Søren Kierkegaard's Youth); Gads forlag, Copenhagen, 1912.
Many sources in transcripted form. The author is rankly and disastrously prejudiced on Ane III Sørensdatter Lund. She actually had a better than average education in her environment. She could read some, which is more than her peer group could in Brande. "The little wife's mental abilities did not cut it as against ... husband, Peter Christian and Søren." The three of them seemed to be quite good at keeping each other occupied with dialectics. No need for Ane to waste her time on that. Ammundsen did not know anything about this, he surmises and formulates his own prejudice. Did, consider this in a fair manner, the husbands abilities as a person cut it as against his wife?
Ammundsen, a theologian who makes one wonder, even ventures to insinuate with unabashed unchristian unkindness, that if she had been more deeply or beatifically pious ("dyb eller køn fromhed"), she could have made life easier for Søren as against his father's stern, authoritarian type Christianity. Pitching your own particular religious beliefs — if you clearly so mark them — is fine, demeaning and belittling people is not. Fairness is a rare flower.

[7] Dokumenter til Justitsprotokollen Nørvang Herred 1674-1772. Viborg Landsarkiv: B70-31 Pakke.

[8] See (in Danish) Johannes Krusborg: "Thyregod Sogn", 1980, Thyregod, p. 210 in transcripted document 'General Hoverie Reglement 1771 for Hastrup Hovedgaard' or the original in Viborg Landsarkiv.

[9] See (in Danish): Brændevin i Brande 1774.
Please note that this is different from distilling moonshine in the US, which is accepted by those practicing it to be illegal. The distilling in the countryside in Denmark in former times was seen as a time honored practice and that the king wanted taxes was his problem; distilling was a hallowed right of old and was not considered illegal in that sense.

[10] S. Kühle: SØREN KIERKEGAARD Barndom og Ungdom (Søren Kierkegaard Childhood and Youth); Aschehoug, Copenhagen, 1950.
On page 13 Kühle speculates that Søren Jensen is son of Jens Christensen mentioned in Brandlund 1743 and who died there 1775. Søren's father has to be a Jens, because of his patronymic 'Jensen' or son of Jens. So Kühle has found a Jens in Brandlund at the appropriate time (tax records from 1743 in this case) and guesses, that this is his father, because both of them are seen in Brandlund (Kühle is normally a little more careful in his conclusions). This is mistaken as shown above and the first place we see him is in Uhre, Brande not Brandlund. Being born around 1725, he would be 16 in the military roll for Brande in 1741, which lists all boys and men between 9 and 40 years of age, but he is not present in that list. Søren Jensen married a girl from Brande, which is why we see him there. Søren Jensen himself was almost certainly not born in Brande Parish. For the record let it be mentioned that around 1740, there were at least two people named Jens in Brandlund, the other being Jens Mortensen.
Kühle states that Ane III at a young age came to Janus Pallisen Thorning in Øster Høgild in Rind parish, some 20 kms north of Brande. That she was confirmed in 1786 and Kühle seems to imply this happened in Rind. She was 18 then. (There is an entry in the church register in Rind under confirmed: "Janus pige {servant girl}" but without name) Her employer said she was "honest, true and dedicated". She came to Copenhagen and worked six and a half years for her brother Lars' wife. Then she came to serve Mads Røyen and in 1794 to Kierkegaard. Kühle states his source for all of this is the inheritance papers (probate records) after Lars' wife Birgitte in 1825. It would be interesting to see a transcript. (Since the sources of this are not presently clear, it has not been used on this page in describing Ane III.)
In most circumstances, it would be rather surprising for probate records to contain such details about a husband's sister.

[11] Bruce H. Kirmmse: "Out with it!": The modern breaktrough, Kierkegaard and Denmark.
in Ed. Hannay & Marino: The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard. Cambridge University Press, 1998, pp. 15-47.
Kirmmse, not being Danish, is refreshingly free of the established and inherited Danish prejudice on Søren Kierkegaard's mother. His article is itself of commendable clarity and insight. There are a couple of minor errors in it concerning Ane Sørensdatter Lund.
Page 21: she was not a distant cousin of Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard, whom she married.
Page 22: Ane Sørensdatter as the one of the three sisters Ane, who was called "little Ane". This is not actually what Søren Jensen's granddaughter Bodil Marie Jensdatter said in 1868, which according to pastor Olesen was this "... one was called 'little Ane', and perhaps it was her {Ane III} that came to Copenhagen ..." see [ED]. Since Ane III was the youngest, there is a natural tendency to think that this was the reason, she was called little Ane, but one of the others could have been naturally short of stature. However that was, Bodil Marie Jensdatter did not herself know which one was called little Ane, she just knew that one of them was.

[12] Joakim Garff: SAK. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard. En Biografi. pp. 5-6. GAD, 2000.
This is the large, standard, talkative biography of Søren Kierkegaard, which is particularly good at laying out the setting of Kierkegaard's times, customs and smells of Copenhagen. Garff is not directly bad on Kirkegaard's mother Ane, but lets the inherited Danish prejudice lead him to blabber: "... may be she could read a little, but it won't have been deep thoughts...". A sentence, which looks like it has been copied.
The statement p. 5: "Ane seems not to have had much contact with her family thereafter [her service with Michael Kierkegaard in 1794]" is erroneous. In this text and the transcripts will be seen how she helps her mother and sisters by having Michael Kierkegaard pay for a plot of land for them as one example.
There are, as with Kirmmse, a couple of minor errors. First the assumption about which of the three Ane's is Little Ane, the same error as Kirmmse above. When Garff on p. 5 writes her father's name as Søren Jensen Lund, this is not documented. His name was Søren Jensen. The Lund as a name came into play, when her brother Lars moved to Copenhagen. When the church register in Brande in one place says "Søren Jensen Lund" this means Søren Jensen of Brandlund meaning the place Brandlund instead of for example "Søren Jensen Fløe" in the place Brandlund in Brande (born i Flø in this case). If it had said Søren Lund, then Garff's version of the name would have been somewhat covered. But this is really minor.
Garff's treatment of Øjeblikket (The Moment) is weak. He writes as if his 'hero' in the book, Kierkegaard, was right in his analysis of Christianity in Denmark and interprets the letters at the time of the main target attacked, bishop Martensen, as admission, that he was aware of the faults, that Kierkegaard pointed out. The letters do not support that interpretation. Kierkegaard attacked all the long established Rites of Passage — every larger Belief System has them — of the church: birth, adolescence, marriage, burial. They have, of course, remained. Kierkegaard, who thought of himself as a genius with superior insights, was thinking of being a religious founder (founding religion anew), but chose, as ever, to write — his medium— about it and here in an incomparable, violent, vituperative, slashing, ironic and savaging style in straight talk not the academic jargon he otherwise uses. Kierkegaard was not cut out to be an actual religious founder like Paulus. His attack on the church was not reasonable, a belief system without people dedicated to its maintenance will not survive. Depriving priests of their right to make a livelihood was not serious, realistic or even fair. Doing away with one set of Rites of Passage is, without suggesting another, singularly naive. This needs to brought out in a sober assessment of The Moment.
Garff does not write about The Concept of Anxiety, which is the subject of the page Classes from Computer Programming applied to Begrebet Angest, at any length except to write of the notebooks Kierkegaard used for the draft, that it was written in the very short time of four months and that Garff thinks it is a good place not to start reading Kierkegaard.
The book is in many places deep, in many details superficial. It is a long 700 pages and somehow managed to escape the benefits of editing. Garff uses all relevant studies with very great freedom. There is a copyright side to that; on the other hand he does manage something, which has hitherto not been accomplished, namely integrating most of what has become known into a story of Kierkegaard in his time and setting. Many aspects of Kierkegaard's authorship become understandable, which otherwise seem sufficiently odd, and this is to Garff's credit.
The controversies among Danish Kierkegaard scholars about this book show just how intense the struggle for interpreting (Deutungshoheit) Kierkegaard's legacy has become. But most of all it bears witness of the immense, scintillating powers of Kierkegaard, who was able to create and construe such a legacy.

[13] Peter P. Rohde: Søren Kierkegaard, 1960, p. 25. Cited and translated from Lilhav, p. 125. Peter P. Rohde was also the editor of the 1962-64 edition of Kierkegaard's Collected Works.
The following quote about Kierkegaards mother is downright shameful:

... She will hardly have been of great attraction to him [i.e. M. P. Kierkegaard]. She had no education and had no importance for the gifted sons. It is significant, that Søren Kierkegaard doesn't mention her even one single time in his diaries, where the father nonetheless is the all domineering front row figure. She glides as a shadow through her husband's and her children's existence without being able to fathom their flight of thoughts, being a considerate and concerned mother hen, who had gotten into wrong company.

Apart from the utter tastelessness, note the direct, factual errors in her importance to Michael, see for example her epitaph by him. Here is a matter, that Garff handles well.
The author, a theologian who makes one wonder, does appear severely limited also regarding different kinds of attraction, which he seemingly is not familiar with.
Who glides as a shadow here is an open question. To Ane the husband and sons surely glided like shadows into evanescent thoughts or arcane constructions without much sense for reality. And certainly, most people would naturally have more understanding for Ane's world.

[14] TAX CENSUS IN BRANDE 1763.
Extra Tax Census Brande 1763.

[15] Stanford Encyclopdia of Philosophy.
Citation (changed before Aug. 2012):

Kierkegaard's relation to his mother is the least frequently commented upon since it is invisible in his work. His mother does not rate a direct mention in his published works, or in his diaries — not even on the day she died. However, for a writer who places so much emphasis on indirect communication, and on the semiotics of invisibility, we should regard this absence as significant. Johannes Climacus in Concluding Unscientific Postscript remarks, “... how deceptive then, that an omnipresent being should be recognisable precisely by being invisible.” Kierkegaard's mother, who was not well educated, is represented in his writings by the mother-tongue (Danish). ...

I objected to setting mother equal to mother-tongue, whereupon the Stanford Encyclopdia of Philosophy changed its text to (retrieved Aug. 16th, 2012):
... by being invisible.” Although Kierkegaard's mother is absent, his mother-tongue (Modersmaal — etymologically derived from the words for “mother's mark or sign”) is almost omnipresent.
There is no general objection to that on my part. One wonders a little about his native language being 'omnipresent', the guy wrote in it, he could not write in any other language. (Although he could not for the life of him leave words from other languages out).
It is a detail, but Modersmaal is not etymologically derived from "mother's mark", which is called modermærke in Danish. The largest Danish dictionary (ORDBOG OVER DET DANSKE SPROG) lists maal in this sense as derived from old Norse mal and perhaps with the meaning mæle or voice. The dictionary does not list an etymology for modermærke, but mærke is the same as English mark and the meaning a marked spot on the skin is obvious.
Stanford Encyclopdia of Philosophy on Kierkegaard.

[16] Flemming Chr. Nielsen: Flugten til Amerika. Om Søren Kierkegaards ukendte bror (Escape to America: Søren Kierkegaard's Unknown Brother). Fund og Forskning, Bind 40 (2001), pp. 103-120 abstract in English at end.
Link to article on website, problematic OCR.
Recommended is the scanned non-OCR pdf version.
Flemming Chr. Nielsen thinks this is the only letter Ane ever got in her life. (Garff uses all of his material including even the minute detail of that particular opinion. Very close copy). But this is again condescension. As is noted in the text, there was some traffic back and forth to Brande, and it is likely that Ane got letters detailing her mother's and sister's situation, which eventually led to her to ask her husband to lend them some support, which he did for example in 1811 paying 100 rigsdaler on a plot of land in Brandlund. Ane's mother got 20 rigsdaler in 1805 from family, which may or may not have come from Michael Kierkegaard. It is a matter of likelihood and opinion and the traffic with Brande has not been known until now.
The title "Escape to America" comes from a well known Danish poem of that name from 1835 by Christian Winther in 24 short verses. Little Peter got a 'Fail' in school, a girl laughed at him so it's off to America. His little brother is to come along, wants to know how far it is. On the other side of the water a little further than aunt Lise. There you have gold on the ground, it rains donuts, you lie in hammocks all day and may or may not fancy going to school. Little brother is convinced. As they are ready, mother calls with soup which quells Peter's sorrow.
A closer translation of the title "Flugten til Amerika" would obviously be 'The Flight to America', but escape is closer to the idea in the poem.

[17] Hans Lassen Martensen: Af mit Levnet I-III (From my Life). Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag, 1882-83, Copenhagen, I pp. 78-79.
Martensen reports his mother as saying she 'had never in her life seen a person in such great distress as S. Kierkegaard was over his mother's death.' Martensen's mother may have given a slant to her experience with Kierkegaard. It is hearsay many years after the incident. And it conflicts with the further facts around Kierkegaard and his Mother.
It is, of course, possible, that Kierkegaard was strongly emotionally affected by his mother's death in an entirely unreflected way, which would not lead to him writing about it in his journals. But to take some hearsay lines written in 1882 as evidence of something that happened in 1834 is imprudent particularly because of the interested parties involved. Martensen, whom Kierkegaard feuded bitterly, was anything but impartial on Kierkegaard (and vice versa).

[18] Julia Watkin: Kierkegaard. Continuum, London NY, 1997 pp. 6-8
Citation:
...Finally, one can add positively to the picture of the mother, two of the facts concerning her that are usually taken negatively. First, she was a harmonious, loving person, but not intellectual. The men of the family were not only educated, they were highly intellectual, with temperaments permitting personal struggle and conflict. Second, Kierkegaard does not mention his mother plainly in his total authorship, but his father has a prominent position (in Kierkegaard's journals and in the dedications of the many edifying or religious discourses). Taken positively, we can say that Kierkegaard's mother would never figure in the authorship because his mother was never a source of problem, conflict or strict ethical-religious demand. We can add that she does not figure in the intellectual universe of the men of the family, and that she would therefore never figure in relation to the discourse of the authorship.
This is close to my view, which is that Kierkegaard was agnostic on his mother in regard to his central pursuit.

[19] N. F. S. Grundtvig *1783 †1872, lived inThyregodlund 1792 - 98.
Contrary to what one might expect abroad, Kierkegaard's influence in Denmark has been severely limited and cerebral. Grundtvig who — in contrast — was a folksy type wrote the songs and psalms Danes are born, married and die with, was the inspiration for the Danish Folk High Schools (not a whit to do with US High Schools for kids with grades, syllabus and requirements), where young and old go for a winter of learn-what-you-want general knowledge subjects and activities with fun and no grades — one can think of it as sabbatical in the very best sense.
Any Dane can qoute lines from Grundtvig as for example "Nu falmer skoven trindt om land (the forest colors all over the land)" as in Indian summer or "Det er saa yndigt at følges ad (it's such a delight to walk together)". Few Danes can quote anything from Kierkegaard.
Grundtvig was the father of "light Christianity", where light means bright and happy. The contrast was the Inner Mission with their "dark Christianity" where anything the least bit pleasurable was considered sinful, dancing for example or playing cards. Inner Mission would be comparable in some ways to Baptism but descended from German Pietism.

[20] Ane III Sørensdatters birthdate in Brandlund, Brande.
Her husband Michael Kierkegaard could not live with the 'untidiness' of not knowing his wife's birthdate, so to set this right he wrote a letter in 1815 to the pastor in Brande.
But it was not as easy as that. The church registers in Brande before 1774 burned in 1780. Pastor J. O. From [ED] found a presentable solution in getting two old men to testify, that 47 years ago around Midsummer day 1768 Søren Jensen of Brandlund had a daughter Ana christened.
This is not believable, the span of years is too long. The pastor in effect did Michael Kierkegaard the service of providing him something which looked like a date. But he writes 'around Midsummer day', which Michael promptly in the margin of the letter confers the status of an official birthday "She was born June 18th 1768". If in fact, which remains in grave doubt, she was christened around midsummer, then she would have been born about three or four weeks before in May. Dates in those times in Brande were christening dates, always some weeks after the birth.
In the census of 1801 [ED] she is named as 32 years old in February. If this is exact (ages in the early censuses are often somewhat off), she would have been born between February 1768 and January 1769, hence more likely in 1768.
Several standard works on Kierkegaard use Michael Kierkegaard's arbitrary date as if it were an established fact. But it is erroneous, as we have seen.
This whole exercise tells more about Michael Kierkegaard's sense of order than about Ane III Sørensdatter's birthday.

[21] Søren Kierkegaards Papirer, v. N. Thulstrup, 1968 ff VIII 1 A 177.

[22] Søren Kierkegaards Papirer, v. N. Thulstrup, 1968 ff V A 33.

[23] Henriette Lund "Erindringer fra Hjemmet (Reminiscences from Home)", 1909, p. 19.

[24] Eline Heramb Boisen "Memorier (manuscript, Memoirs)".
Printed in Kirmmse: "Søren Kierkegaard truffet. Et liv set af hans samtidige (Encounters with Kierkegaard: A Life as Seen by His Contemporaries)", (Princeton University Press, 1996). Reitzel 1996, p. 196. Translated from Lilhav.

[25] Lilhav "Kierkegaard and his Mother", p. 138. See note [5].

[26] Ane Sørensdatter Lund *1768c †1834. Painted by F. C. Camrath. Picture from the Royal Danish Library (DET KONGELIGE BIBLITOTEK) internet page. The picture may not be changed, otherwise I would have made it rectangular.

[27] How much is known of Kierkegaard's mother?
There are any number of opinions to the effect that little is known of her.
That is nonsense, excuse me.
Let's take a person born around 1975 and follow this person's ancestors back to women born about 1775, which is about 8 generations. At that point, 1775, the person will have somewhere around 64 female ancestors born very roughly about that time and seven generations back being great5-grandmothers. Now, even if you can find them all in the records, for most of them you will just have dates for born, confirmed, married, children and buried: period. You will not find a picture, not find remarks they made, not find a marriage contract, not find a husband's loving dedication on a gravestone (you will not find gravestones at all) and all of this we have for Ane Sørensdatter Lund.
Let's say you are a writaholic, like Kierkegaard or Proust, then you will overwhelm with mountains of text, snow under those you write about. But there are very few of these writers and only few people they write about — perhaps with the exception of Proust. That Kierkegaard wrote so much about his father is an exception — against that anything else looks minute.

[28] Kierkegaard's burdened life
Kierkegaard's life became increasingly burdened as he grew older.
Studying Begrebet Angest ('The Concept of Anxiety') shows clearly how cocky young Kierkegaard was with 31, how sure of his reflective powers and of his awesome command of style. He is irrepressible in that book.
Later with the sermons and the religiosity increasing, the burden becomes so large, that his cockiness can not shake it off any more. He comes to see himself in the light of Jesus' example of offering his life for faith and talks of loosing his life in Copenhagen because of it (one wouldn't call this close-fetched). He does not philosophize about religion any more, he wants to put his stamp on it. Like St. Paul one should not marry, but die and live for faith.
Kierkegaard explodes out from under this burden in 'The Moment' or as it may also be translated 'The Instant' with its virulently aggressive language. He attacks in the medium he knows best: with his style, his sharp, hurting, cutting style of a mean wit, attacking people for being 'normal'. They should be 'exceptional', live faith only.
But Kierkegaard is not a founder of religion, he is a stylist, a master of language and a thinker.

[29] The reason Kierkegaard never mentions his mother
Joachim Garff - the author of the biography SAK about Kierkegaard, see note12 - offered another theory in a one hour television 'documentary' with actors called "Dangerous Thoughts (Farlige Tanker)" in 2013, where Kierkegaard sauntered through modern Copenhagen and Berlin, which makes some sense, and through modern New York, which does not (except if you want to sell the documentary to US Television).
Garff mentioned the well known fact that Kierkegaards father thought he had sinned in making Ane III Sørensdatter pregnant in the year he should according to himself have been in mourning over first wife's death. One year of mourning was no general rule, most people remarried much faster than that for example in Brande parish. According to the biography SAK the mourning period by law was 12 month for widows and 3 months for widowers. For Michael Kierkegaard it was a religious failing, a sin.
Garff's theory is that the father put into Kierkegaard a distance to the mother because of this sin, which would explain why Kierkegaard never mentioned her but wrote page after page about his father.
Garff does not mention this theory in his biography SAK published 2000. The theory comes later. There is one big problem with it: there is no reasonable evidence. That is the one side, then there is the other side of it being very alluring and therefore tempting. You would like to have a good, satisfying explanation which accounts for the fact, that Kierkegaard does not mention his mother.
That Kierkegaard had no use for happiness and unburdened living does not stand in doubt. That his mother was unburdened and fairly happy seems to be borne out by evidence. That this was one reason or a main reason Kierkegaard does not mention his mother is my theory, right or wrong.

[30] General repartition of land in villages in Denmark
Before 1787 farms lay with few exceptions together in a village. The fields were worked by all farms together and each field partitioned in long narrow bands for each of the farms such that each got their part of the good land and of the not so fertile land. Roughly between 1787 and 1810 the fields in Denmark were repartitioned so that each farm got fields that lay together as a unit and the farms were moved out of the village onto the new fields so that fields were close and not divided up in bands but all of them belonged to one farm (much like you would think of a midwestern farm in the US).
Brandlund was in that manner repartioned in 1791.

[31] Ane Sørensdatter Lund not distant cousin of Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard
It has entered the literature, that Kierkegaard's mother was a distant cousin of his father. Well, it ain't so. Kirmmse reports it (see note 11), the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) uses it.

[32] Name Søren Aabye
Further material on Søren Nielsen Aabye in Danish including dates and children..

[99] Lokal- og slægtshistorisk Forening for Brande og omegn (Association for Local History and Genealogy for Brande and Environs): "Gårdhistorie (Brande Farm History)". 12 parts in 16 booklets (four of the larger places in Brande have two booklets), each of 80-100 pages. 1989-1997. Revisions 2005-2009 with useful index of property owners.
Brande Farm History is not a written history of the farms, but a tabular one with dates of deeds, owners and wives and children and what became of the children if known. It covers, in the main, the period from 1770 to 1990. On a few farms, there are data going further back in time. The booklets published later have more deeds and other transcribed documents and more pictures. Used here:
Booklet 5, "Hyvild, Drantum and Risbjerg", 2006, by Vagn Andersen.
Booklet 9, "Brandlund", 2009, by Evald Larsen and Hans Andersen, update by Poul-Erik Pedersen and Tove Nielsen.